We will have an informal Support meeting this Sat. April 4, from 1:30-3:30.  Our goals are to get to know and encourage one another, share what we’ve learned, and hopefully learn of options that might help us in some way.

I also hope to have a link in the coming weeks for you to hear Dr. Waters in an audio format like we did for Dr. Hoffman’s talk.  Feel free to share this with others who could benefit from the information.

Dr. Waters is giving another talk in town next week and as soon as I have that information I will pass it along.  I believe it will be on nutrition.

See you next week!

Our next meeting is Saturday, March 28 from 1:30-3:30 with Doctor Waters, LLMD speaking.  Think and perhaps write down any questions you have for Dr. Waters as there will be time for questions.  Also, please bring back books you borrowed so others can have access to them as well.

With the warmer weather upon us, here is some excellent information on ticks.  Remember, not all ticks go into a feeding diapause and can actively infect people all year round.

Unknown

*Adult ticks lay their eggs in early spring and the larvae hatch about a month from when the temperature is warm enough.

*Transmission of Lyme spirochetes to eggs is low, although it does occur. When it does occur, viable spirochete levels in the eggs are generally 100%.

*Larval transmission in humans is rare, but it does occur.

*Peak larval activity is in August.

*As soon as larvae start to feed, they begin releasing a blend of chemicals into the blood stream of their host. These chemicals are cues for any spirochete already in the body to get to the site of attachment. Now they enter the previously uninfected tick and colonize the tick gut and pass to a new generation.

*Much like iron-filings and a magnet, the ticks have a special receptor (TROSPA) that binds to proteins (Osp, type A or OspA) in the outer surface of the spirochetes’s bodies, allowing gut colonization in the tick.

*From here, the spirochetes infect many other sites within the tick (hypodermis, central ganglion, salivary glands, ovaries, and connective tissues.)

*Larval tick drops off the animal after about 72 hours or 3 days. They absorb their blood meal and molt to change into a nymph, which takes about 35 days.

*The nymphs winter over and begin their activity the next spring. Many nymphs carry Lyme due to infection of the larval-stage tick. The number infected depends upon what kind of winter it was to the density of mice that year. Infection rates run anywhere from 3% – 100%. In endemic areas at least half of all nymphs are infected with Lyme at the beginning of the season, but more are infected as the season progresses due to the spirochete’s responsiveness to tick saliva factors during multiple nymph attachments.

*Nymphs begin activity in May and are very active all summer, and are highly infective. The overlap in the tick cycle ensures that most larvae will be infected before they molt.

*Nymphs feed 4-5 days, then they drop off and moult into adult ticks, which takes about 42 days.

*Adult ticks emerge from moult in Oct or early Nov and tend to not feed on anything smaller than a woodchuck or a dog and feed for 7-8 days. They then drop off and prepare to overwinter.

*Both fall-fed and spring-fed ticks lay their eggs (two to three thousand) in the spring, and then die.

*The eggs take about a month to hatch. There is high egg and larval mortality and both are fed upon greatly by predators.

*Ticks in warmer climates differ from ticks limited by colder temps. The warmer climates give the ticks life cycles that can run anywhere from 2-6 years. Unfed ticks can live up to 5 years without a meal.

*The primary reservoir for the spirochete changes from country to country and reduction of mice or deer results in a temporary reduction in ticks, but they rebound quickly, and the deer is not to blame as Madeira, a subtropical island, has no large mammals yet Lyme as spread prolifically due to two different species of rats.

*The use of pesticides to kill ticks also works for a while, but ticks have a tendency to develop resistance.

*Spirochetes are opportunistic parasitic organisms with experience in promulgating themselves. They infect a variety of biting insects.

*Nymphs feed quite happily on people, and this is where most human infections come from. Larvae feed on people too and while the rate of larva to human infection is low, the rate of human to larvae infection is much higher.

*Humans, along with birds, are one of the major life forms spreading the disease out of endemic areas.

*The Lyme spirochete takes advantage of the tick’s saliva. Studies have found that if levels of interleukin-2 and interferon gamma in lab mice are kept high, counteracting the tick saliva chemicals) the rate of infection drops precipitously.

http://www.timesunion.com/tuplus-business/article/Snow-protects-infected-ticks-6086416.php

http://canlyme.com/lyme-basics/lyme-myths/

http://www.tickencounter.org/faq/seasonal_information#seasonalinformation_question_04

“Most people think that bloodsuckers like mosquitoes and ticks disappear along with the risk for disease transmission once there is a frost and the weather turns cooler. That’s true for mosquitoes; they either die, or some species go into a feeding diapause. Some ticks also go into a feeding diapause in the autumn, but not deer ticks (Ixodes scapularis) – they are a different type of bug! The adult stage deer tick actually begins its feeding activity about the time of first frost (or early October throughout its range), and it will latch onto any larger host (cat to human) any day that the temperature is near or above freezing.”

This year of the 5th, the MayDay project of meetings and rallies will focus on the restrictive and dangerous guidelines of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA). For the first time, the IDSA president has agreed to meet.

There is information and photos from last year’s protest here:
https://www.facebook.com/events/1524051617834268/

Travel and housing information is here:
http://www.themaydayproject.org/#!events/c1ke2

Organized events include:
April 29, Wednesday evening- conference (time to be determined)
April 30, Thursday- protest at IDSA HQ followed by candlelight vigil (times to be determined)
May 1, Friday- rally at IDSA HQ (time to be determined)
** ALL EVENTS WILL OCCUR IN THE ARLINGTON AREA, ALL ARE WALKING DISTANCE FROM EACH OTHER**
Monumental, history changing events will be taking place this year as we have secured a meeting with IDSA president. We need to show him peacefully how many of us there are and why change needs to happen now.
It is imperative to attend, but if you must choose a date to attend please come May 1st.
************************************
Please wear all black to events (Lyme green accents are ok!)
This is the year we will see everything we have been working so hard for come to fruition. You will not want to miss this!

Dr. Waters to speak March 28

1416593336Dr. Waters, Integrative LLMD, will be presenting to our support group Sat. March 28 at 1:30 at the Pinney Library in Madison.  In 2009, Waters studied for a week under Dr. Jemsek, LLMD, who was featured in the Lyme documentary, Under Our Skin.  Waters offers many complimentary health practices such as chelation, ozone, nutrition, and allergy testing and treatment. He has studied a diversity of alternative and innovative therapies both in the United States and Europe. These have included orthomolecular medicine, acupuncture, homeopathy, neural therapy, prolotherapy, endocrinology and trace element biology. He is board certified by the American Board of Clinical Metal Toxicology.

http://drudgegae.iavian.net/v2/r?n=0&s=18&u=http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-02-20/newly-found-virus-linked-to-kansas-man-s-death-after-tick-bite
http://www.bloomberg.com

(Bloomberg) — U.S health officials are investigating a new strain of virus linked to the death of a Kansas man, who fell ill after being bitten by a tick, then went into organ failure and died about two weeks later.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said Friday that it’s working with Kansas officials to find any other cases. They’ve named the virus “Bourbon” after the county where the man lived.

The pathogen belongs to a group known as thogotoviruses. The Kansas man’s death is the first time a thogotovirus is known to have caused human illness in the U.S., and only the eighth time one is known to have caused symptoms in people, according to an article published Friday in the CDC’s Emerging Infectious Diseases journal.
The Kansas man was doing outdoor work in Bourbon County last year, the CDC said, when he went to the doctor after finding an engorged tick on his shoulder and falling ill a few days later. He had a fever and headache, according to the article, and was given an antibiotic commonly used against tick-borne diseases. The man’s condition didn’t improve, however, and his kidney function deteriorated and he couldn’t breath on his own. On day 11 of his illness, he died.

Kansas officials said in December that they were investigating the virus with the CDC, and that it resembled other tick-borne illnesses.
Before he became sick, the man, who was more than 50 years old, was considered healthy, the CDC said in the report. CDC researchers identified the virus by looking for genetic traces in the man’s blood.
The recent discovery of Heartland virus in Missouri, also possibly linked to ticks, led the CDC to say that “that the public health burden of these pathogens has been underestimated.” Next-generation sequencing, a fairly new technology that can scan blood samples for many viruses or bacteria at once, will help health researchers make similar discoveries in the future, the CDC said.
To contact the reporter on this story: Anna Edney in Washington at aedney@bloomberg.net
To contact the editors responsible for this story: Crayton Harrison at tharrison5@bloomberg.net Drew Armstrong, Cecile Daurat

http://viralzone.expasy.org/all_by_species/79.html

ETYMOLOGY
Thogoto: From Thogoto forest in Kenya, where thogoto virus was first isolated.

SPECIES
Type: Thogoto virus (THOV)
Main: Bourbon virus (BOUV)
Dhori virus (DHOV)

REFERENCE STRAIN
Thogoto virus SiAr 126
Sequence: RNA1 RNA2 RNA3 RNA4 RNA5 RNA6
Genome | Proteome

HOST
Human (Dhori, Bourbon virus), Mammals (Thogoto virus)
Vector: Tick
Reservoir: animal

GEOGRAPHY
Africa, Europe, India, North America

ASSOCIATED DISEASES
Fever, encephalitis

TRANSMISSION
Zoonosis, arthropod bite, usually by ticks

ANTIVIRAL DRUGS
None

For all of you who have eagerly been waiting to hear Dr. Hoffman’s talk at our last Madison Lyme Support Group meeting, here it is in an audio format as the video was too long to post.

https://soundcloud.com/ellieacim/sequence-01 He starts speaking at 1:00 (one minute into the audio)

Thanks again to Ellie and Cam for making this happen!

Also, stay tuned, but our next meeting will be Sat. March 28 from 1:30-3:30 (we can stay until 4:45) at the Pinney Library Branch at 204 Cottage Grove Road, Madison, WI.  Dr. Waters, LLMD and Integrative Doctor from Wisconsin Dells will be speaking.

http://www.watershealthcenter.com There are videos you can watch, blogs, archived newsletters, published papers, and upcoming lectures.

Hope to see you there!

Dr. Hoffman to Speak

Good news! Dr. Hoffman has agreed to make the trek down to Madison, WI to speak at our next Lyme Support Meeting! Our next meeting will be Sat Jan 31 at the Pinney Library on Cottage Grove Road, Madison, from 2-4pm. Please mark your calendars and write down your questions. Dr. Hoffman has been treating Lyme and the various co-infections for over 30 years in Wisconsin.

Hoffmann pic

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